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Seasonal showers are a blessing for India’s rabi crops

Seasonal showers are a blessing for India's rabi crops
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GFMM desk: Due to the availability of water in the 120 main reservoirs monitored by the Central Water Commission after the normal seasonal rainfall, the high yields of wheat, oil-seeds, pulses etc. have been increased during the current rabi season.

The water storage in reservoirs is more than the last year in states of Punjab, Rajasthan, Jharkhand, Odisha, West Bengal, Nagaland, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu.

The availability of water during the critical months of the dry winter is 50% higher than the previous year and 40% higher than the average for the last ten years due to rainfall since August, officials said.

“During this year, heavy rainfall and normal rainfall have increased the availability of additional water and irrigation will increase till May,” Mr. Rajendra Kumar Jain, chairman of the Central Water Commission (CWC), said. “This will ensure adequate drinking water and irrigation in the coming months, he said.

The current live water storage capacity stands at 137.125 billion cubic meters compared to 91.34 bcm a year ago. Jain said it has 81% of the total live storage level capacity, 150% of the previous year’s level and an average of 139% of storage in the last ten years.

Rains have been 40-70% higher than normal in October, November and December in north, south and central parts of the country, as per data of the Indian Meteorological Department.

“Rains have cut need for several rounds of irrigation in this Rabi season,” said a senior scientist at the Indian Institute of Wheat and Barley.

Live water storage in reservoirs in the southern states of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu is 76% of their capacity of 52.8 bcm as of this week, according to CWC. The storage was 48% of capacity a year ago while the 10-year average is 54%.

In 18 reservoirs located in central region states of Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh, water storage is at 83% of total live capacity of 44.1 bcm, against 58% a last year and 59% average in 10 years.

In the western states of Gujarat and Maharashtra, the total live storage available in 41 reservoirs is 30.31 bcm, which is 87% of total live storage capacity of 34.8 bcm. It stood at 42% a year ago while the 10-year average is 56% of live storage capacity.

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Source: Online/SZK

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