Poster in Sep 20, 2023 12:47:08

Coffee companies will not be ready to comply with EU deforestation laws!

Coffee companies will not be ready to comply with EU deforestation laws!

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Most global coffee companies will not be prepared to comply with the European Union's new law, which prevents imports of products linked to deforestation. And small farmers may suffer as a result. A major coffee sector report found such information. 

The EU's landmark law will enter into force at the end of 2024. Importers of products such as coffee, cocoa, beef, soy, rubber, and palm oil must produce a due diligence statement, proving that their products are not contributing to deforestation - a major source of climate change - or risk hefty fines.

According to the biennial Coffee Barometer, prepared by a group of NGOs, coffee firms' lack of preparedness for the law might prompt them to shift sourcing to more developed regions like Brazil that have better traceability, leaving the millions of mostly small-scale, poverty-stricken farmers in the lurch.

It called on both the EU and coffee firms to ensure this does not happen, not least because desperate farmers might be forced, in such a scenario, to expand into forested areas to increase output in order to make ends meet.

These farmers would then sell to regions with less stringent environmental rules, negating the intended impact of the law. Deforestation is responsible for about 10% of global greenhouse gas emissions that drive climate change, and the law aims to tackle the EU's contribution to this.

"Investing in farming communities in vulnerable landscapes may seem risky, however, these investments are essential to tackling the root causes of global deforestation," said Niels Haak of Conservation International, one of the sponsors of the report.

Coffee is produced by an estimated 12.5 million farmers in roughly 70 countries, but just 5 of them - Brazil, Vietnam, Colombia, Indonesia, and Honduras - produce 85 percent of the world's coffee.

The remaining 15 percent is produced by 9.6 million farmers or two-thirds of the total, in countries like Ethiopia, Uganda, Tanzania, Kenya, Peru, Guatemala, Nicaragua, El Salvador, Costa Rica, and Mexico.

These countries have "inadequate infrastructure and low levels of traceability", the report found.

"Without proactive support from buyers, smallholders lacking organization and resources to provide the requisite data for compliance (with the law) will bear the initial impact," the report said.

The EU's deforestation law has caused much consternation amongst producing countries.

Indonesia has accused the EU of 'regulatory imperialism', while Malaysia has said the law is a "deliberate effort" to increase costs and barriers for its palm oil sector - a key source of export revenue for the country.

Roughly 130,000 hectares of forest have been lost annually over the last 20 years due to land being cleared for coffee growing as farmers - most of whom remain at or below the poverty line - attempt to make ends meet, the Coffee Barometer found.


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